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Visualizza la versione completa : [C#] Elenco file e cartelle in una directory


 
nextpaco
03-03-2006, 19:36
Come posso creare un funzione che mi stampi in un file di testo i nomi di tutte le sottocartelle e dei file presenti in una cartella?

sono giÓ riuscito a creare un piccolo script in vbs che mi stampa solo i nomi di tutti i file in una cartella, ma non s˛ proprio come fare per i nomi delle directory...

PS: sono alle prime armi con i linguaggi della MS.

:ciauz:

nextpaco
04-03-2006, 01:08
Praticamente mi servirebbe qualcosa del genere per˛ che mi restituisse anche i nomi delle directory...

Dim fso ' il file system object
Dim folder ' la cartella (directory)
Dim file ' il singolo file
Dim string ' per contenere l'elenco

' N.B. assumo che 'dirName' contenga il nome della
' directory che si vuole 'listare'

' creo il FSO ed accedo alla singola cartella
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set folder = fso.GetFolder( "C:\Programmi" )

' pulisco la stringa
string = ""
Fol = ""

' ciclo su tutti i file della cartella
For Each file in folder.Files
string = string & file.name
string = string & vbCrLf
Next

' a questo punto 'string' contiene l'elenco separato
' da 'ritorni a capo'.

' NOTA:
' si suppone che 'fileName' contenga il nome del
' file da scrivere.

' creo il FileSystemObject
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

' pulisco la stringa
'string = ""

' verifico che il file NON esista
If Not fso.FileExists( "doc.txt" ) Then

' accedo al file
Set file = fso.OpenTextFile( "doc.txt", 2, True, 0)

' inserisco 3 righe nel file
file.Write String & vbCrLf
file.Write folder & vbCrLf


file.Close
Set file=Nothing

End If
Set folder=Nothing
Set fso=Nothing
[OT] mi scuso con i moderatori per l'errato inserimento
:ciauz:

daniele_dll
04-03-2006, 10:50
all'interno del namespace System.IO sono presenti degli oggetti per fare anche queste cose, nello specifico usando l'oggetto

Directory

Si possono ottenere gli elenchi di file e directory ad un dato indirizzo

Directory.GetFiles(@"C:\path\to\files");

o

Directory.GetDirectories(@"C:\path\to\directories");

Entrambi restituiscono un'array di string quindi ti basta fare un semplice foreach o anche un for e ti cicli i dati



foreach(string directoryPath in Directory.GetDirectories(@"C:\path\to\directories"))
{
MessageBox.Show(directoryPath);
}


i due metodi non ti restituiscono solo il nome dei file/directory ma il percorso completo a questi, quindi se ti serve acquisire solo il nome della directory, piuttosto che tutto il percorso, puoi benissimo usare il metodo

GetFileName

dell'oggetto

Path

Lo so, il nome dice "Acquisci il nome del file" ... xo in realtÓ lui va a estrarre tutto ci˛ che c'Ŕ tra la slash finale e la fine della stringa, di conseguenza lo si usa sul nome di una directory si ottiene il nome della directory senza il percorso :)

ciau

nextpaco
04-03-2006, 13:29
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;
using System.IO;

namespace RecursiveSearchCS
{
/// <summary>
/// Summary description for Form1
/// </summary>
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
internal System.Windows.Forms.Button btnSearch;
internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox txtFile;
internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblFile;
internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblDirectory;
internal System.Windows.Forms.ListBox lstFilesFound;
internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox cboDirectory;
/// <summary>
/// Required designer variable
/// </summary>
private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

public Form1()
{
//
// Required for Windows Form Designer support
//
InitializeComponent();

//
// TODO: Add any constructor code after InitializeComponent call.
//
}

/// <summary>
/// Clean up any resources being used.
/// </summary>
protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if( disposing )
{
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
}
}
base.Dispose( disposing );
}

#region Windows Form Designer generated code
/// <summary>
/// Required method for Designer support: do not modify
/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.btnSearch = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.txtFile = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
this.lblFile = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.lblDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.lstFilesFound = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
this.cboDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// btnSearch
//
this.btnSearch.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(608, 248);
this.btnSearch.Name = "btnSearch";
this.btnSearch.TabIndex = 0;
this.btnSearch.Text = "Search";
this.btnSearch.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.btnSearch_Click);
//
// txtFile
//
this.txtFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 40);
this.txtFile.Name = "txtFile";
this.txtFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 20);
this.txtFile.TabIndex = 4;
this.txtFile.Text = "*.dll";
//
// lblFile
//
this.lblFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
this.lblFile.Name = "lblFile";
this.lblFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(144, 16);
this.lblFile.TabIndex = 5;
this.lblFile.Text = "Search for files containing:";
//
// lblDirectory
//
this.lblDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 96);
this.lblDirectory.Name = "lblDirectory";
this.lblDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
this.lblDirectory.TabIndex = 3;
this.lblDirectory.Text = "Look In:";
//
// lstFilesFound
//
this.lstFilesFound.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 8);
this.lstFilesFound.Name = "lstFilesFound";
this.lstFilesFound.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(528, 225);
this.lstFilesFound.TabIndex = 1;
//
// cboDirectory
//
this.cboDirectory.DropDownWidth = 112;
this.cboDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 128);
this.cboDirectory.Name = "cboDirectory";
this.cboDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 21);
this.cboDirectory.TabIndex = 2;
this.cboDirectory.Text = "ComboBox1";
//
// Form1
//
this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(688, 277);
this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {

this.btnSearch,
this.txtFile,
this.lblFile,
this.lblDirectory,
this.lstFilesFound,
this.cboDirectory});

this.Name = "Form1";
this.Text = "Form1";
this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
this.ResumeLayout(false);

}
#endregion

/// <summary>
/// The main entry point for the application
/// </summary>
[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new Form1());
}

private void btnSearch_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Clear();
txtFile.Enabled = false;
cboDirectory.Enabled = false;
btnSearch.Text = "Searching...";
this.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor;
Application.DoEvents();
DirSearch(cboDirectory.Text);
btnSearch.Text = "Search";
this.Cursor = Cursors.Default;
txtFile.Enabled = true;
cboDirectory.Enabled = true;
}

private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
cboDirectory.Items.Clear();
foreach (string s in Directory.GetLogicalDrives())
{
cboDirectory.Items.Add(s);
}
cboDirectory.Text = "C:\\";
}

void DirSearch(string sDir)
{
try
{
foreach (string d in Directory.GetDirectories(sDir))
{
foreach (string f in Directory.GetFiles(d, txtFile.Text))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(f);
}
DirSearch(d);
}
}
catch (System.Exception excpt)
{
Console.WriteLine(excpt.Message);
}
}
}
} grazie daniele_dll ma il pezzo di codice che mi hai dato ottengo l'indirizzo assoluto di tutte le sottocartelle(e delle sottosottocartelle!) e dei file(anche quelli contenuti), insomma di tutto quello che c'Ŕ nella dir.

A me servirebbe soltanto i nomi delle prime sottocartelle e dei file(non inclusi in nessun sottocartella): come posso usare GetFileName?

daniele_dll
04-03-2006, 14:28
beh ... il codice che ti ho dato io faceva esattamente ci˛ che ti serviva

il codice che hai copiato ed incollato nel tuo progetto ti stampa a video tutte le directory usando un sistema ricorsivo :stordita:




foreach (string directoryPath in Directory.GetDirectories(sDir))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(directoryPath);
}
foreach (string filePathin Directory.GetFiles(sDir, txtFile.Text))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(filePath);
}


con questo codice fai quello che ti serve

nextpaco
04-03-2006, 16:44
quel codice l'avevo preso da msdn ...
nn ci capisco molto di linguaggi della microsoft ma a volte sono indispensabili !!!

Grazie daniele_dll !!!
mitico !!!

:ciauz:

:yuppi:

nextpaco
06-03-2006, 13:35
Il codice completo...

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;
using System.IO;

namespace RecursiveSearchCS
{
/// <summary>
/// Summary description for Form1
/// </summary>
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
internal System.Windows.Forms.Button btnSearch;
internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox txtFile;
internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblFile;
internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblDirectory;
internal System.Windows.Forms.ListBox lstFilesFound;
internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox cboDirectory;
/// <summary>
/// Required designer variable
/// </summary>
private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

public Form1()
{
//
// Required for Windows Form Designer support
//
InitializeComponent();

//
// TODO: Add any constructor code after InitializeComponent call.
//
}

/// <summary>
/// Clean up any resources being used.
/// </summary>
protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if( disposing )
{
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
}
}
base.Dispose( disposing );
}

#region Windows Form Designer generated code
/// <summary>
/// Required method for Designer support: do not modify
/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.btnSearch = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.txtFile = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
this.lblFile = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.lblDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.lstFilesFound = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
this.cboDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// btnSearch
//
this.btnSearch.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(608, 248);
this.btnSearch.Name = "btnSearch";
this.btnSearch.TabIndex = 0;
this.btnSearch.Text = "Search";
this.btnSearch.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.btnSearch_Click);
//
// txtFile
//
this.txtFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 40);
this.txtFile.Name = "txtFile";
this.txtFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 20);
this.txtFile.TabIndex = 4;
this.txtFile.Text = "*.dll";
//
// lblFile
//
this.lblFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
this.lblFile.Name = "lblFile";
this.lblFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(144, 16);
this.lblFile.TabIndex = 5;
this.lblFile.Text = "Search for files containing:";
//
// lblDirectory
//
this.lblDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 96);
this.lblDirectory.Name = "lblDirectory";
this.lblDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
this.lblDirectory.TabIndex = 3;
this.lblDirectory.Text = "Look In:";
//
// lstFilesFound
//
this.lstFilesFound.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 8);
this.lstFilesFound.Name = "lstFilesFound";
this.lstFilesFound.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(528, 225);
this.lstFilesFound.TabIndex = 1;
//
// cboDirectory
//
this.cboDirectory.DropDownWidth = 112;
this.cboDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 128);
this.cboDirectory.Name = "cboDirectory";
this.cboDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 21);
this.cboDirectory.TabIndex = 2;
this.cboDirectory.Text = "ComboBox1";
//
// Form1
//
this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(688, 277);
this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {

this.btnSearch,
this.txtFile,
this.lblFile,
this.lblDirectory,
this.lstFilesFound,
this.cboDirectory});

this.Name = "Form1";
this.Text = "Form1";
this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
this.ResumeLayout(false);

}
#endregion

/// <summary>
/// The main entry point for the application
/// </summary>
[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new Form1());
}

private void btnSearch_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Clear();
txtFile.Enabled = false;
cboDirectory.Enabled = false;
btnSearch.Text = "Searching...";
this.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor;
Application.DoEvents();
DirSearch(cboDirectory.Text);
btnSearch.Text = "Search";
this.Cursor = Cursors.Default;
txtFile.Enabled = true;
cboDirectory.Enabled = true;
}

private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
cboDirectory.Items.Clear();
foreach (string s in Directory.GetLogicalDrives())
{
cboDirectory.Items.Add(s);
}
cboDirectory.Text = "C:\\";
}

void DirSearch(string sDir)
{

if (System.IO.File.Exists("file.txt"))
{
MessageBox.Show("Il file file.txt giÓ esiste");
}

StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter("file.txt");

try
{
foreach (string d in Directory.GetDirectories(sDir))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(d);
sw.WriteLine(d);
}

foreach (string f in Directory.GetFiles(sDir, txtFile.Text))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(f);
sw.WriteLine(f);
}
sw.Close();

}
catch (System.Exception excpt)
{
Console.WriteLine(excpt.Message);

}
}
}
}

se la cartella si chiama "dir"
nel file mi viene stampato "C:\dir"
come faccio a far stampare solo "dir" senza il percorso( C:\ )?

:ciauz:

daniele_dll
06-03-2006, 13:42
come ti ho detto devi usare

Path.GetFileName

vuole in entrata un parametro, che Ŕ la path, ovvero una string, ed in uscita da una string, che Ŕ il nome del file o della directory

nextpaco
06-03-2006, 14:08
ok risolto !!!

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;
using System.IO;

namespace RecursiveSearchCS
{
/// <summary>
/// Summary description for Form1
/// </summary>
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
internal System.Windows.Forms.Button btnSearch;
internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox txtFile;
internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblFile;
internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblDirectory;
internal System.Windows.Forms.ListBox lstFilesFound;
internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox cboDirectory;
/// <summary>
/// Required designer variable
/// </summary>
private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

public Form1()
{
//
// Required for Windows Form Designer support
//
InitializeComponent();

//
// TODO: Add any constructor code after InitializeComponent call.
//
}

/// <summary>
/// Clean up any resources being used.
/// </summary>
protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if( disposing )
{
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
}
}
base.Dispose( disposing );
}

#region Windows Form Designer generated code
/// <summary>
/// Required method for Designer support: do not modify
/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.btnSearch = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.txtFile = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
this.lblFile = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.lblDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.lstFilesFound = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
this.cboDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// btnSearch
//
this.btnSearch.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(608, 248);
this.btnSearch.Name = "btnSearch";
this.btnSearch.TabIndex = 0;
this.btnSearch.Text = "Search";
this.btnSearch.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.btnSearch_Click);
//
// txtFile
//
this.txtFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 40);
this.txtFile.Name = "txtFile";
this.txtFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 20);
this.txtFile.TabIndex = 4;
this.txtFile.Text = "*.dll";
//
// lblFile
//
this.lblFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
this.lblFile.Name = "lblFile";
this.lblFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(144, 16);
this.lblFile.TabIndex = 5;
this.lblFile.Text = "Search for files containing:";
//
// lblDirectory
//
this.lblDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 96);
this.lblDirectory.Name = "lblDirectory";
this.lblDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
this.lblDirectory.TabIndex = 3;
this.lblDirectory.Text = "Look In:";
//
// lstFilesFound
//
this.lstFilesFound.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 8);
this.lstFilesFound.Name = "lstFilesFound";
this.lstFilesFound.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(528, 225);
this.lstFilesFound.TabIndex = 1;
//
// cboDirectory
//
this.cboDirectory.DropDownWidth = 112;
this.cboDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 128);
this.cboDirectory.Name = "cboDirectory";
this.cboDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 21);
this.cboDirectory.TabIndex = 2;
this.cboDirectory.Text = "ComboBox1";
//
// Form1
//
this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(688, 277);
this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {

this.btnSearch,
this.txtFile,
this.lblFile,
this.lblDirectory,
this.lstFilesFound,
this.cboDirectory});

this.Name = "Form1";
this.Text = "Form1";
this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
this.ResumeLayout(false);

}
#endregion

/// <summary>
/// The main entry point for the application
/// </summary>
[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new Form1());
}

private void btnSearch_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Clear();
txtFile.Enabled = false;
cboDirectory.Enabled = false;
btnSearch.Text = "Searching...";
this.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor;
Application.DoEvents();
DirSearch(cboDirectory.Text);
btnSearch.Text = "Search";
this.Cursor = Cursors.Default;
txtFile.Enabled = true;
cboDirectory.Enabled = true;
}

private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
cboDirectory.Items.Clear();
foreach (string s in Directory.GetLogicalDrives())
{
cboDirectory.Items.Add(s);
}
cboDirectory.Text = "C:\\";
}

void DirSearch(string sDir)
{

if (System.IO.File.Exists("file.txt"))
{
MessageBox.Show("Il file file.txt giÓ esiste");
return;
}

StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter("Content.txt");

try
{
foreach (string d in Directory.GetDirectories(sDir))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(d);
sw.WriteLine(Path.GetFileName(d));

}

foreach (string f in Directory.GetFiles(sDir, txtFile.Text))
{
lstFilesFound.Items.Add(f);
sw.WriteLine(Path.GetFileName(f));
}
sw.Close();

}
catch (System.Exception excpt)
{
Console.WriteLine(excpt.Message);

}
}
}
}

grazie ancora :zizi:
spero di essere utile alla prox

:ciauz:

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