PDA

Visualizza la versione completa : configurazione samba su ubuntu 7.04


amm.monica
10-11-2008, 18:32
Ciao ragazzi,
ho installato su un pc nuovo di pacca ubuntu 7.04 funziona tutto bene , la rete da Linux a Windows funziona bene però non riesco a condividerlo in rete , cioè con windows accedere a ubuntu .....
Come faccio a cambiare il gruppo di lavoro di samba?
Perchè non so come mai Windows vede che c'e' un gruppo di lavoro MSHOME quando io nelle configurazioni di rete di Linux gli ho dato il nome del mio gruppo di lavoro. (dal mio punto di vista , non vorrei dire una cavolata, quel gruppo di lavoro è configurato in samba, come faccio a cambiarlo?).
Come faccio a mettere l'icona di samba nel menu di amministrazione?
Grazie a tutti per l'aiuto.

detroit
10-11-2008, 18:47
il nome del gruppo di lavoro lo modifichi in smb.conf nella sezione global.per vedere samba nelle icone devi installarti un tool GUI apposito,fai una ricerca da synaptic ce ne sono parecchi tra cui anche swat ma ti serve apache per farlo girare.se vuoi posta il smb.conf che ti diamo una mano.ricorda che nel client windows devi andare su proprietà della connessione che stai utilizzando ed installare il client per reti microsoft qualora fosse disabilitato.

amm.monica
10-11-2008, 19:42
Grazie per la spiegazione, ma avrei bisogno del comando per aprire smb.config....
Abbi pazienza ma arrivo da Windows e so' poco nulla di ubuntu e linux....
se mi scrivi dei consigli potresti scrivermeli passo passo per come hai notato non capisco molto. Ho già configurato la rete senza aiuti e per me è già un traguardo....

cmq grazie di tutto

detroit
10-11-2008, 19:54
allora,apri un terminale e digiti sudo gedit /etc/samba/smb.conf (ti chiede la apssword di amministratore,la inserisci) e ti ritrovi il file aperto.


[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
workgroup = MYGROUP
netbios name = ubuntu_server

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
wins support = yes

create mask = 0755

allow hosts = 192.168.1.0/24

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
dns proxy = no

# What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
# to IP addresses
name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
; bind interfaces only = true



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
; syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
# in this server for every user accessing the server. See
# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
# in the samba-doc package for details.
security = share

# You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on
# 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
encrypt passwords = true

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.
passdb backend = tdbsam

obey pam restrictions = yes

; guest account = nobody
invalid users = root

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
pam password change = yes

# This option controls how nsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

# Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
# must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
# change the 'domain master' setting to no
#
; domain logons = yes

; local master = yes
domain master = no
#
# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
# from the client point of view)
# The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
# samba server (see below)
; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
; logon path = \\%n\%u\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
; logon drive = H:
; logon home = \\%n\%u

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
; logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

########## Printing ##########

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
; load printers = yes

# lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
# printcap file
; printing = bsd
; printcap name = /etc/printcap

# CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
# cupsys-client package.
; printing = cups
printcap name = cups

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
# for details
# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
# SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
; socket options = TCP_NODELAY

# The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
# installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
# working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
; message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
# machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
# must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
; idmap uid = 10000-20000
; idmap gid = 10000-20000
; template shell = /bin/bash

# The following was the default behaviour in sarge,
# but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce
# performance issues in large organizations.
# See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*
# having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.
; winbind enum groups = yes
; winbind enum users = yes

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
; usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

[samba]
path = /samba
comment = cartella di prova
valid users = %S
guest ok = yes
read only = no
browseable = yes

[xp]
path = /mnt/xp
comment = cartella Xp portatile
valid users = %S
guest ok = yes
read only = no
browseable = yes


# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
# user's home directory as \\server\username
[homes]
comment = Home Directories
; browseable = yes

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
; read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server. Un-comment the following parameter
# to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
valid users = %S
guest ok = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /home/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; read only = yes
; share modes = no

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
; comment = Users profiles
; path = /home/samba/profiles
; guest ok = no
; browseable = no
; create mask = 0600
; directory mask = 0700

[printers]
comment = All Printers
; browseable = yes
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
guest ok = yes
; read only = yes
create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
comment = Printer Drivers
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
; browseable = yes
writeable = yes
guest ok = yes
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# Replace 'ntadmin' with the name of the group your admin users are
# members of.
; write list = root, @ntadmin

# A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
;[cdrom]
; comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
; read only = yes
; locking = no
; path = /cdrom
; guest ok = yes

# The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
# cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
# an entry like this:
#
# /dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0
#
# The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
#
# If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
# is mounted on /cdrom
#
; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
; postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom


diciamo che quelli che ho evidenziato in grassetto sono le cose che ti interessano da vicino ma guardati e metti pari pari tutte le altre opzioni come le vedi(la mia è una configurazione senza il minimo di sicurezza ma avevo fretta di provare ieri).dopo che hai modificato il file riavvii i demoni samba con
sudo /etc/init.d/samba/restart

fatto ciò devi creare l'utente che ti servirà per accedere alla condivisione,ma prima fai questi passaggi e ritorna che ti spiego come si fa.

amm.monica
11-11-2008, 09:25
Ti ringrazio per la spiegazione dettagliata . Ora dovrebbe funzionare perchè windows vede perfettamente in rete ubuntu server , però mi chiede nome utente e password . Ed è già un passo avanti ....
L'unico problema è che il comando che mi hai dato per dare il restart a samba non va , mi dice:
command not found

E quindi ho dovuto riavviare due volte il sistema, però grazie al tuo aiuto ora funziona .
C'è un altro comando per dare restart?

Se vuoi ora puoi spiegarmi come si crea un utente

Grazie ancora

detroit
11-11-2008, 12:35
perfetto adesso crea un utente con sudo smbpasswd -a nomeutente
ed userai la password che immetti qui come password per accedere da windows alla condivisione.questa è una configurazione molto spartana,con calma farò qualche rifinitura e posterò una guida completa,per ora spero sia stato d'aiuto

amm.monica
12-11-2008, 16:18
Ho creato 3 utenti usando il menu gestione gruppi utenti e poi li ho attivati con la stringa che mi hai consigliato tu e funzionano bene.
Solo una cosa: come faccio a delimitare l'accesso di ogni singolo utente a ogni singola cartella condivisa. Spero di essere spiegata bene.
Per tutti il resto ti ringrazio mi sei stato di molto aiuto.
Ti mando poi la mia configurazione samba così gli dai un' occhiata per vedere se è effettivamente tutto giusto.
Grazie
Ciao

detroit
12-11-2008, 17:18
per fare quello che dici tu dovresti provare a modificare per ogni cartella condivisa il valore della riga valid users = oppure fornire autenticazione diversamente ma ancora a quel punto non ci sono arrivato perchè finora non ne ho avuto bisogno.comunque guarda qui (http://us3.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ServerType.html#id2552243) se vuoi . :ciauz:

Loading